Tropospheric ozone in the European Union

the consolidated report by J. P. Beck

Publisher: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Publisher: Bernan Associates [distributor] in Luxembourg, Lanham, Md

Written in English
Published: Pages: 74 Downloads: 244
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  • European Union countries.,
  • Europe,
  • Pays de l"Union européenne
  • Subjects:

    • Ozone -- Environmental aspects -- European Union countries.,
    • Air -- Pollution -- European Union countries.,
    • Tropospheric circulation -- European Union countries.,
    • Tropospheric circulation -- Environmental aspects -- European Union countries.,
    • Ozone -- Aspect de l"environnement -- Europe,
    • Air -- Pollution -- Pays de l"Union européenne
    • Edition Notes

      StatementJ.P. Beck, M. Krzyzanowski, B. Koffi ; with contributions from A.-G. Hjellbrekke ... [et al.].
      ContributionsKrzyżanowski, Michał., Koffi, B., European Commission., European Environment Agency.
      LC ClassificationsTD885.5.O85 B38 1999
      The Physical Object
      Pagination74 p. :
      Number of Pages74
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL137144M
      ISBN 109282856720
      LC Control Number99519447

Advanced Ultraviolet Radiation and Ozone Retrieval for Applications (AURORA) is a project funded under the European Union's Horizon research and innovation programme (grant agreement No ). Project objectives: The primary objective of AURORA is to explore new ways of exploiting the complementary measurement capabilities of the instruments on board . Major sources of NOx and VOCs include emissions from motor vehicle exhaust, industrial facilities, and chemical solvents. Major sources of methane include waste and the fossil fuel and agricultural industry. Aside from its health impacts, tropospheric ozone is a short-lived climate pollutant and one of the most important greenhouse gases. Ozone (O3) has a critical role in tropospheric chemistry. It absorbs radiation in the infrared and ultraviolet regions and is very reactive and biologically toxic at appropriate levels of g: European Union.   Acknowledgment. This work was supported by the grants from European Union Seventh Framework Program (FP7/, no. , PANDA project), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (), and from the National Key Research and Development Program of China (YFA).Author: Bin Zhu, Jinhui Gao, Xuewei Hou, Hanqing Kang, Chen Pan.

With a wealth of technical information, the book discusses atmospheric chemistry, the role of oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in ozone formation, monitoring and modeling the formation and transport processes, and the potential contribution of alternative fuels to solving the tropospheric ozone g: European Union. 1. Introduction. Apart from the stratospheric ozone, around 10–15% of the natural produced atmospheric ozone is located at the troposphere [].In addition, global ozone data show an increment of the ozone concentration with height, as an indicative of higher stratospheric-tropospheric exchange, and a more efficient ozone production in the upper by: Request PDF | Trends in Ground Level Ozone Concentrations in the European Union | Following the Council Directive 92/72/EEC on air pollution by ozone the Member States of the European Union have Author: Frank de Leeuw. Since the vast majority of tropospheric ozone is manmade it doesn't seem right. —Preceding unsigned comment added by Smartse (talk • contribs) , 25 November (UTC) Ground level and atmospheric. There should be a much clearer separation between ground level ozone and atmospheric ozone. , 24 August (UTC).

  Tropospheric or ground-level ozone (O3) Tropospheric ozone is present in the lowest portion of the atmosphere (10–15 km above the ground). It has a lifetime of a few days to a few weeks. It is not directly emitted but formed by sunlight-driven oxidation of methane, carbon monoxide (CO), non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs) and. Ozone depletion consists of two related events observed since the late s: a steady lowering of about four percent in the total amount of ozone in Earth's atmosphere (the ozone layer), and a much larger springtime decrease in stratospheric ozone around Earth's polar regions. The latter phenomenon is referred to as the ozone are also springtime polar tropospheric ozone Missing: European Union. Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change. Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat or light. Pollutants, the components of pollution, can be either foreign substances/energies or naturally occurring ion is often classed as point source or nonpoint source .

Tropospheric ozone in the European Union by J. P. Beck Download PDF EPUB FB2

The EEA is an agency of the European Union Engineered by: EEA Web Team Software updated on 27 April from version Tropospheric ozone in the European Union: The consolidated report [J. P Beck] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. In the upper troposphere, ozone is an important greenhouse gas and contributes greatly to the oxidation efficiency of the atmosphere.

These effects are to be added to the detrimental effects of other pollutants such as sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides. Tropospheric ozone: background information The issue of ozone in Europe Photochemical pollution is formed from emissions of nitrogen oxides (NO x, where NO x = NO + NO 2) and of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and carbon monoxide (CO) in.

Ozone is regarded to be the main photochemical oxidant present in the troposphere, originating from a formation process involving nitrogen oxides (NO x), volatile organic compounds (VOC) and sunlight. The harmful effect of tropospheric ozone on human health and well-being as well as damage to ecosystems is now being recognised as a major concern throughout the Member States of the European Union.

The European Community has taken steps to deal with the problem through. Request PDF | Tropospheric Ozone | Ozone is regarded to be the main photochemical oxidant present in the troposphere, originating from a formation process involving nitrogen oxides | Missing: European Union.

During Phailin, the descent rate of enhanced ozone layer from the upper troposphere to the boundary layer is esti- mated to be ˘mday1. The descent rate in the tropical non-convective region, under the assumption of no vertical winds, may be inferred from the radiative heating rate in the tropical clear-sky by:   Currently, European Union countries have to comply with Council Directive on air pollution by ozone (92/72/EEC) which was adopted in September This Directive defines several threshold levels and it establishes a harmonised procedure for.

General climate change publications. Thematic publications: EU Emissions Trading System. Adaptation to climate change. EU external climate finance. Low carbon technologies. Ozone layer protection. Fluorinated greenhouse gases. Nature and land use.

Mainstreaming of climate action. Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy. There are the criticisms of the European Union and Tropospheric ozone in the European Union book effects of populism—much of which has nothing to do with Europe, but everything to do with the economic crisis that started in All that, I think, is making it very, very difficult to look at reform, because to enact reforms, governments need to have political security, political.

Tropospheric Ozone 75 is fully implemented, Europe’s emissions compared to should be cut by at least 63% for SO2, 41% for NOx, 40% for VOCs, and 17% for. Tropospheric ozone has long been recognized as a major environmental concern. Levels of ozone concentration have grown dramatically and the effects of ozone exposure have been examined in virtually thousands of studies worldwide.

This timely new reference presents the state of the art in ozone regulation, human health effects, agricultural implications, and the economics of ozone Reviews: 1. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Beck, J.P. Tropospheric ozone in the European Union. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European.

In the troposphere, ozone is also an efficient greenhouse gas. This report summarizes the results of a multidisciplinary analysis to assess the effects of ozone on health. The analysis indicates that ozone pollution affects the health of most of the populations of the WHO European Region, leading to a wide range of health problems.

The book starts with a brief outline of tropospheric ozone chemistry, atmo- spheric transport, and effects of ozone on health and vegetation. This is followed by an overview on the air quality framework of the European Union. World Health Organisation guidelines also Author: Fricke, Wolfgang.

In addition to the six greenhouse gases included in the Kyoto Protocol, the tropospheric ozone precursors CO, NMVOC and NO x and the aerosols/aerosol precursors black carbon, organic carbon and SO 2 also play significant roles in climate change. The aim of this paper is to review some of the main scientific and political challenges associated with incorporating tropospheric ozone Cited by:   The halogen ions Br-and Cl-together with NO 3- SO 4 =, MSA-(methane sulfonate), Na + and NH 4 + were analysed by ion chromatography in extracts of more than aerosol cellulose filter samples taken at Ny Ålesund, Svalbard (79°N, 12°E) in spring (March 27 - May 16) within the European Union project ARCTOC (Arctic Tropospheric Ozone Cited by: troposphere, ozone is also an effi cient greenhouse gas.

This report include some 21 premature deaths annually in 25 European Union countries on and after days with high ozone levels. Current policies are insuffi cient to signifi cantly reduce ozone levels in Book. Reactive atmospheric halogens destroy tropospheric ozone (O3), an air pollutant and greenhouse gas.

The primary source of natural halogens is emissions from marine phytoplankton and algae, as well Cited by: 1. Complying with the obligation in the current ozone directive, the European Commission came forward in with a strategy to combat tropospheric ozone together with a proposed revision of the air quality legislation for this by: Page 13 Tropospheric Ozone and Global Change Introduction.

This chapter addresses the scientific evidence that relates global change 1 in atmospheric gases and climate to tropospheric ozone. Such a consideration of global changes is important because they are likely to continue and might hamper local efforts to meet the ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards.

About 90% of total ozone in the atmosphere is in the stratosphere, and 10% is in the troposphere. Although tropospheric ozone is less concentrated than stratospheric ozone, it is of concern because of its health effects.

Ozone in the troposphere is considered a greenhouse gas, and may contribute to global warming. Tropospheric ozone Ozone (O3) is a key constituent of the troposphere.

Photochemical and chemical reactions involving it drive many of the chemical processes that occur in the atmosphere by day Missing: European Union.

The analysis indicates that ozone pollution affects the health of most of the populations of the WHO European Region, leading to a wide range of health problems. The effects include some 21 premature deaths each year in 25 countries in the European Union on and after days with high ozone levels.

Published by Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union. Ebojie et al.: Global tropospheric ozone variations from to as seen by SCIAMACHY ated with high VOC =NOxratios, the VOC-sensitive regime is Cited by: Ozone (/ ˈ oʊ z oʊ n /), or trioxygen, is an inorganic molecule with the chemical formula O is a pale blue gas with a distinctively pungent smell.

It is an allotrope of oxygen that is much less stable than the diatomic allotrope O 2, breaking down in the lower atmosphere to O 2 ().Ozone is formed from dioxygen by the action of ultraviolet (UV) light and electrical discharges within the Chemical formula: O₃. Tropospheric ozone and skin aging: Results from two German cohort studies Author links open overlay panel Kateryna B.

Fuks a 1 Anke Hüls a b 1 Dorothea Sugiri a Hicran Altug a Andrea Vierkötter a Michael J. Abramson c Jan Goebel d Gert G. Wagner d e Ilja Demuth f g Jean Krutmann a h 1 Tamara Schikowski a 1Cited by: 6. Learn Tropospheric ozone with free interactive flashcards. Choose from 35 different sets of Tropospheric ozone flashcards on Quizlet.

Extensive literature documents the adverse health impacts of exposure to elevated concentrations of air pollutants, particularly ozone, particulate matter with aerodynamic diameters Cited by:. For example, in the consumption loss due to ozone damage is estimated to be billions (5% of the value of crop production) for the United States, billions (%) for the European Union, and billions (%) for China.

On the Tropospheric Ozone Variations in a Coastal Area of Southwestern Europe under a Mesoscale Circulation one of the most important ecosystems of the European Union. The surface wind and ozone data were measured at 10 and 5 m above ground, respectively, for January –December Cited by: The ability of several European CTMs to reproduce current distributions will be assessed, through detailed comparisons between model results and observations.

The impact of changes in ozone precursors on the tropospheric oxidising capacity and on the distribution of ozone .